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Using coherent X-rays, a new technique has been discovered for sensing motion and velocity of small groups of atoms. This advance gives an unprecedented, nanoscale view of disordered objects as they are being created — like the thin films used to make solar cells and LCD screens.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections began rising in Beijing last spring, and by December, this pathogen was found in more than half of hospitalized children suffering from pneumonia in that city. Now investigators predict that this epidemic will likely continue well into 2016, and possibly longer. Their data may help clinicians slow the epidemic.
Researchers have developed a system the size of a household fridge that can synthesize a variety of pharmaceuticals in short periods of time, including an antihistamine, an antidepressant, a common local anesthetic, and a central nervous system depressant.
An improved version of the gorilla genome assembly is offering new biological insights into its evolution, and to what makes humans different from this great ape primate. The new techniques used to sequence and assembly this gorilla genome hold promise for improving genetic research on human disease. The techniques create longer reads of DNA sequences to allow researchers to spot repeats and other variations more readily.
Researchers have now determined the structure of the Zika virus, a critical advance in the development of vaccines and treatments. The team also identified regions within the Zika virus structure where it differs from other flaviviruses and identified a potential target for antiviral treatments.
The World Health Organization estimates that of the 500 million people worldwide thought to have diabetes, 90% have type 2 diabetes and the number diagnosed with diabetes by 2020 will increase dramatically. Diabetes can impair the body’s ability to thermoregulate leading to a relative inability to adequately regulate core temperature. This can have a profound impact on the ability of individuals with diabetes to work and play in adverse environments which includes workers in many vital industries who may be regularly exposed to harsh environmental conditions.
A new report details how two relatively new drugs are helping patients with basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer, producing nearly 2.8 million new cases annually in the US, and sunny Arizona has one of the world’s highest incidences of skin cancer.